Are you planning a trip to Greece or simply interested in the Greek culture? Knowing some basic Greek words and phrases can be helpful and make your experience more enjoyable. In this beginner’s guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know to get started with the Greek language.

Basic Greek Words and Phrases:

Let’s start with some of the most commonly used Greek words and phrases in everyday conversations. Here are some of the basic words and phrases that you need to know:

  • Hello: γεια σας (ya sas)
  • Goodbye: αντίο (adío)
  • Yes: ναι (ne)
  • No: όχι (óhi)
  • Thank you: ευχαριστώ (efharistó)
  • Please: παρακαλώ (parakaló)
  • Excuse me: συγγνώμη (singnómi)
  • Sorry: λυπάμαι (lipáme)

Greek Grammar Basics:

Greek grammar can be a bit intimidating for beginners, but mastering the basics can go a long way in your language learning journey. Here are some of the basic grammar rules to get you started:

  • Greek verbs change their form depending on the tense and person.
  • Greek nouns change their form depending on the gender and case.
  • To form a sentence in Greek, the order of words can be flexible.

Greek Alphabet:

The Greek alphabet has 24 letters, and it’s essential to learn them to read and write in Greek. Here’s a pronunciation guide for each letter:

  • α (ah)
  • β (vee)
  • γ (yee)
  • δ (thel-tah)
  • ε (eh)
  • ζ (zee-tah)
  • η (ee-tah)
  • θ (thee-tah)
  • ι (ee-oh-tah)
  • κ (ka-pee)
  • λ (lahm-bh-dah)
  • μ (mee)
  • ν (nee)
  • ξ (ksee)
  • ο (oh-mee-kron)
  • π (pee)
  • ρ (roh)
  • σ (sigh-mah)
  • τ (tahf)
  • υ (ee-oh-tah)
  • φ (fee)
  • χ (hee)
  • ψ (psee)
  • ω (oh-meh-gah)

Greek Culture and Customs:

Learning some basic Greek words and phrases can be helpful to understand the culture and customs. Here are some tips on how to use them in different situations:

  • In Greece, people greet each other with a kiss on the cheek. Say “ya sas” or “yasou” while kissing on the cheek.
  • Greeks are generally hospitable and polite, so it’s always good to use “please” and “thank you.”
  • Avoid pointing your feet at someone or something, as it’s considered impolite in Greek culture.


Learning basic Greek words and phrases can be an exciting experience, and it’s a great way to show respect and appreciation for the Greek culture. With this beginner’s guide, you have everything you need to start mastering the Greek language. Keep practicing and exploring, and you’ll be speaking Greek fluently in no time!

Write A Comment